JEWS' COLLEGE, rabbinical seminary in London. Jews' College was founded in 1855 by the Ashkenazi chief rabbi, nathan marcus adler (but with support from the Sephardi community). It had two objectives: to train English-speaking ministers and laymen in Jewish and secular subjects; and to educate boys in a Jewish secondary school. The secondary school was closed in 1879, as middle-class pupils increasingly entered secular schools, but the college continued to train ministers, readers, and teachers for the English-speaking world. From 1883 onward its pupils normally graduated at London University. The first principal, Louis Loewe (who resigned in 1858), was succeeded by Barnett Abrahams. Continental standards of scholarship were upheld by michael friedlaender (1865–1907) and especially adolph buechler (1907–39). He was succeeded by isidore epstein (1945–61), a former student, who developed the college's activities, including a teachers training faculty, a cantors' institute, and extension lectures. On his retirement a controversy arose over the refusal of Chief Rabbi israel brodie , the college president, to confirm the appointment of its tutor, louis jacobs , as principal. Eventually, H.J. Zimmels was appointed principal. Subsequent principals were Nahum Rabinovitch (1971–83), Jonathan Sacks (1984–90), Irving Jacobs (1990–93), and Daniel Sinclair (1994– ). Among those who lectured at the college were such distinguished scholars as Israel Abrahams, S.A. Hirsch, H. Hirschfeld, A. Marmorstein, Samuel Daiches, and C. Roth. Despite the distinction attained by staff and graduates, attendance at Jews' College was never high. Between 1883 and 1967, 91 qualified as ministers with a university degree, and between 1896 and 1967, 65 obtained the rabbinical diploma (47 from the course instituted by I. Epstein and conducted by K. Kahana). Twenty-two rabbis graduated between 1971 and 1995 (15 of them since 1989). The college has not always found it easy to be both a committed seminary for Orthodox ministers and a college in the liberal academic tradition. Since 1989, the college has seen a resurgence of interest never experienced before in Anglo-Jewry. The College is an Associate Institution of the University of London. The 1995 student population of the college was 140. The college offers B.A. (Honours) degrees in Jewish Studies and an M.A. in Hebrew and Jewish Studies. Both degrees are accredited by the University of London. The college offers facilities leading to M.Phil. and Ph.D. degrees of the University of London in areas within the research interest of its staff. In addition to the rabbinate, many of those who graduate with a university degree enter into the burgeoning educational field or serve the Social Services in Great Britain and lately also in Israel. The college publishes a biannual magazine, Le'ela, which contains both scholarly articles and review of books of Judaic interest. The series of Jews' College Publications comprises a number of important contributions to Jewish scholarship. In 1995 the library, founded in 1860, contained 80,000 printed books, 30,000 pamphlets, and 700 manuscripts (including the Montefiore collection). (Vivian David Lipman) -BIBLIOGRAPHY: I. Harris, in: Jews' College Jubilee Volume (1906), 3–182; A.M. Hyamson, Jews' College, London, 18551955 (1955) I. Epstein, Contribution of Jews' College to Jewish Learning (1960).

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Игры ⚽ Нужен реферат?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jews for Jesus — is a Christian [ * During my time with the mission, I found Jews for Jesus to be a Christian ministry (or Messianic, if you prefer) with a passion for the good news about Jesus... Pastor Lev Leigh. Hope Baptist Church. Richmond, CA (… …   Wikipedia

  • Jews in the Woods — (JITW or JitW) also referred to as Fruity Jews or Fruity Jews in the Woods is a privately organized Jewish youth group. It has hosted a number of Shabbaton meetings whereby young Jews gather to observe the Shabbat (the Jewish Sabbath) in a… …   Wikipedia

  • Jews' Free School — (also known as JFS) is a Jewish secondary school in Kenton, north London. It presently accepts both male and female students. At one time it had more than 4,000 students attending [ history.aspx] . The school has… …   Wikipedia

  • Jews and Judaism in North East England — The Jewish presence in North East England is focused on a number of important towns. Contents 1 Gateshead 1.1 List of yeshivas in Gateshead 1.2 List of seminaries in Gateshead 2 …   Wikipedia

  • Jews Against Zionism (book) — Infobox Book name =Jews Against Zionism: The American Council for Judaism, 1942 1948 image caption=Front cover of Jews Against Zionism author =Thomas A. Kolsky country =United States of America language =English subject =Anti Zionist Reform… …   Wikipedia

  • Jews of Iran (documentary film) — Infobox Film name = Jews of Iran image size = 200px caption = director = Ramin Farahani producer = Ramin Farahani writer = narrator = starring = sound mixing =Juan Morales cinematography = editing = distributor = released = 2005 runtime = 52 min …   Wikipedia

  • Jews and Judaism in Omaha, Nebraska — The Jewish community in Omaha, Nebraska has made significant cultural, economic and social contributions to the city. [(1992) A Street of Dreams. Nebraska ETV Network (video)] The first Jewish settlers came to the city shortly after it was… …   Wikipedia

  • College of the Neophytes — The College of the Neophytes,[1] in Italian Collegio dei Neofiti (Latin Collegium Ecclesiasticum Adolescentium Neophytorum or Pia Domus Neophytorum) was a Roman Catholic college in Rome founded in 1577 by Gregory XIII for education of young men,… …   Wikipedia

  • Spanish and Portuguese Jews — are a distinctive sub group of Sephardim who have their main ethnic origins within the crypto Jewish communities of the Iberian peninsula and who shaped communities mainly in Western Europe and the Americas from the late 16th century on. These… …   Wikipedia

  • List of British Jews — is a list that includes Jewish people from the United Kingdom and its predecessor states.Although the first Jews may have arrived on the island of Great Britain with the Romans, it wasn t until the Norman Conquest of William the Conqueror in 1066 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”